Throughout the race, clues indicate tasks that teams must complete, directions where teams must go or other pertinent information that guides teams along the race. Most are retrieved out of Clue Boxes.
- Main article: Route Marker
Route Markers are the flags that mark the places where teams must go. Most Route Markers are attached to the boxes that contain clue envelopes, but some may mark the place where the teams must go in order to complete tasks.
- Main article: Intersection
The Intersection requires each team to pair up with one other team of their choice and perform all tasks and make decisions together until further notice. If no other teams are present when a given team arrives at the Intersection route marker, they must wait there until another team arrives.
- Main article: Speed Bump
A Speed Bump is an additional task assigned as a penalty for the team that checks in last during a Non-Elimination Leg.
- Main article: U-Turn
The U-Turn is located immediately after a Detour. The U-Turn was introduced in Season 12. After completing a chosen Detour option, a team may use the U-Turn to force another team to also complete the other Detour option they did not originally choose. The Blind U-Turn and Double U-Turn variants also exist, as well as the U-Turn being used as a penalty for checking in last on a Non-Elimination Leg.
- Main article: Yield
The Yield allows any one team to force another team to stop racing for a predetermined amount of time. The Yield was introduced in Season 5. From Season 6 onwards, when there was going to be a Yield, the teams would find the message "Caution, Yield Ahead" in their clue.
- Main article: Hazard
Introduced in Season 19, the Hazard is a penalty assessed to the team who finishes a Starting Line task in last place. The penalty has the potential to affect the team as long as they remain in the race.
Main Article: Route Information
Tells teams where to go next for their next clue box.
- Main article: Detour
A Detour is a choice between two tasks each with its own pros and cons. Teams must choose based on their rhyming names and brief instructions. Teams can opt to change their choice at any time during the challenge if they are having difficulties. Generally, one task will be physical while the other will require a certain skill or mental capabilities.
Memorable Detours include choosing between carrying cheese and digging in manure in Amsterdam on Season 4, carrying clay pots on their shoulders and building a shrine in Thailand on Season 9, and dress like a cow or learn an instrument in Kazakstan on Season 13.
- Main article: Roadblock
A Roadblock is a task that only one team member may perform. Teams must choose one member to perform an unknown task, based solely on a riddle and their surroundings. They are not allowed to switch team members at any point, but the other team member may provide advice and support. Roadblocks are the only parts of the race where team members are separated from each other.
- Main article: Fast Forward
The Fast Forward is a task that, when completed, a team can use to skip all other tasks and go directly to the Pit Stop. Each team is allowed only one Fast Forward per Race, and only one team can complete the Fast Forward challenge per leg. Obtaining the Fast Forward does not guarantee placing first.
- Main article: Double Battle
The Double Battle, also known as an Intersection, Duel, Face-Off, and Head-to-Head, is a task where two teams compete against each other.
|The Amazing Race Format|
Challenges: Clues · Clue Box · Double Battle · Express Pass · Salvage Pass · Save
|Clues & Other Route Markers|